Info on Maquilas

Maquiladoras en México


Cáncer y Maquiladoras
Estudio acerca de la enfermedad en las poblaciones mexicanas en la frontera con Estados Unidos, donde se concentra alrededor del 75% de las maquiladoras en México
"Enfermedades no comunicables son también una preocupación creciente en la poblaciones de la frontera. La mortalidad debida al cáncer en todas sus modalidades fue de 62.9 por 100,000 habitantes en la zona fronteriza mexicana en 1990, comparada con 50.8 en todo el país; la mortalidad producida por cáncer de tráquea, bronquitis y pulmones fue 70% más alta en los municipios fronterizos.”
1994 Health Conditions in the Americas. Vols. 1 and 2. Scentific publication, No. 549. Washington, D.C.: PAHO

Cancer and Maquiladoras
Study about diseases on the Mexican population at the US/Mexico border area, where about 75% of all Mexican maquiladoras are located.
"Noncommunicable diseases are also a growing concern among border populations. Mortality from all cancers combined was 62.9 per 100000 population in the Mexican border zone in 1990, compared with 50.8 in the country as a whole; mortality due to cancers of the trachea, bronchi, and lung was 70 percent higher in the border municipalities."
1994 Health Conditions in the Americas. Vols. 1 and 2. Scentific publication, No. 549. Washington, D.C.: PAHO

Maquiladora huye sin pagar a 130 obreros,  3 de marzo de 2010
La Jornada. Nuevo Laredo, Tamps., 2 de marzo. Propietarios extranjeros de la maquiladora Lobo aprovecharon el fin de semana anterior para desaparecer con todo y maquinaria, sin pagar sueldos y ahorros a 130 obreros.
http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2010/03/03/index.php?section=estados&article=029n3est

Gender in the Workplace
Maquila Social Forum
On June 5-7, the Maquila Social Forum was held to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Coalition for Justice in the Maquiladoras, a workers’ organization that has fought in defense of labor rights for two decades. There was reason for celebration—the coalition has not only managed to survive a downturn marked by economic crisis, unemployment, offenses against labor rights in Mexico, and militarization, it has also overcome internal challenges to face the new developments. New topics for reflection were opened at the forum. An example of this is the text presented here. For the first time in this rank and file workers’ organization, the subject of sexuality was discussed. The author, a young organizer with the Center of Hope for Peace and Justice in El Paso, presented a version of the following text to the participants, who revisited its themes in their conclusions and resolutions. Read also the Declaration of the Maquila Social Forum.

Despide Foxconn maquiladora de Juárez a 300 obreros a raíz de protesta
Ciudad Juárez, Chih., 25 de febrero, 2010. La maquiladora de capital taiwanés Foxconn comenzó a despedir a alrededor de 300 empleados que la semana pasada participaron en una protesta en la cual quemaron el comedor de la empresa y apedrearon los dormitorios de los gerentes. Jesús Sánchez, representante legal de Foxconn, dijo que a raíz de los problemas con los trabajadores, “un cliente” decidió cancelar un contrato de proveeduría, por lo que fue necesario recortar a los trabajadores del área que producía dicha mercancía.
http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2010/02/26/index.php?section=estados&article=033n1est

Despide Foxconn a los obreros que protestaron por abusos laborales
Seis días después de haber protestado contra supuestos abusos laborales, la noche de este miércoles la empresa Foxconn despidió a decenas y quizá cientos de empleados. Obreros de la maquiladora localizada a las afueras de la ciudad, próxima a la garita de cruce internacional Santa Teresa, denunciaron ante los medios de comunicación que "por lo menos cien trabajadores fuimos sacados de las líneas de producción y sacados para afuera de la planta". Indicaron que guardias de la empresa los despojaron de la bata y el gafete para enseguida conducirlos al exterior de la empresa de origen taiwanes. donde un buen número de patrullas policiacas custodiaban las instalaciones. No se supo de la presencia de autoridades laborales durante el despido que, otra versión indica que llagaría las 300 gentes del tercer turno. En días pasados, la empresa anunció que no tomaría represalias contra los empleados que hubieran participado en las protestas, hechos que fueron minimizados, tanto en daños como en participantes, número que los representantes legales de la empresa contaban apenas en una veintena. Foxconn por su parte, en voz de su representante legal, Jesús Sánchez, ha dado a conocer que esa mediada se ha tomado debido a la cancelación de al menos un contrato; esto como consecuencia directa del conflicto del pasado viernes, asegura la empresa. Fue al anterior viernes 19 cuando un grupo de trabajadores retenidos contra su voluntad para que trabajaran tiempo extra, se revelaron e incendiaron la cafetería de la compañía a la vez que apedreaban casetas de seguridad y dormitorios de personal extranjero.
http://www.arrobajuarez.com/busca.php?palabra=foxconn

Foxconn workers burn down a factory
No one likes to be lied to by an employer, though few ever take that dislike as far as Foxconn workers in Mexico. Apparently a group of Foxconn employees set fire to their factory after management attempted to coerce workers into overtime labor without compensation. Foxconn’s Juarez, Mexico facility uses transportation trucks to ferry workers to and from the plant every day. Yesterday, supervisors at the plant told workers that the trucks had been delayed at a military checkpoint and instructed the employees to continue working until the trucks arrived. As it turns out, the trucks were sitting in the parking lot, presumably parked-in on purpose. It wasn’t the first time the factory had pulled a stunt like this, so the workers decided to get even. They torched the gymnasium, which is where the plant keeps all of its finished cell phones and computers. Don’t be surprised if there’s suddenly a bit of an iPhone shortage in certain parts of the country.
http://www.gadgetteaser.com/2010/02/20/foxconn-workers-burn-down-a-factory/

Foxconn Blasts Worker, Media after Mexico Factory Fire
“Misleading and twisted.” That’s what Taiwanese electronics giant Hon Hai Precision is saying about coverage of a conflict with some workers at a factory in Mexico owned by its Foxconn Technology Group. Hon Hai spokesman Edmund C.A. Ding today released a statement saying that buses that usually transport workers back from the Foxconn Juarez Santa Teresa campus at the end of the night shift didn’t show up on Feb. 19. The statement said 30 people in the waiting area covered their faces with bandanas and started “spreading malicious rumors of how Foxconn would not give overtime pay for late bus to agitate the crowd.” The workers tried to prevent the bus from reaching the campus, the statement continues, and employees started a fire in a community center. The company said the incident had been planned in advance by a former employee with a “personal score to settle.” Foxconn says it will pursue legal action against the former employee only, and not any other workers involved.
http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/blog/eyeonasia/archives/2010/02/foxconn_
blasts.html


Women and the Maquiladoras in Mexico
Following the termination of the Bracero program by the US government, a plan known as the Border Industrialization Program was introduced in 1965 by the Mexico government aimed at creating employment opportunities in the northern Mexican border for those seasonal agricultural workers who were previously allowed to work in the United States but now lost their job due to the cancellation of the Bracero program. At the same year, the maquiladora industry was born in Mexico. According to Kathryn Kopinak, author of the book Desert Capitalism, the meaning of the word maquiladora or maquila in short, have evolved overtime due to changing government policies that ultimately shaped the characteristics of the maquiladora industry (9). However, maquiladoras at their cores “are US subsidiaries or contract affiliates under foreign ownership; are dedicated to the assembly of components, the processing of primary materials, or both, producing either intermediate or final products; import most or all primary materials and components from the united states, and re-export the end products of the manufacturing process to the United States; are labor-intensive” (Prieto, Introduction xxiii).
http://www.madarong.com/Writing/16.Women%20and%20the%20Maquiladoras%20in%20Mexico

Maquiladoras: las reglas del juego
Alejandro Nadal, La Jornada, Nov 14, 2007.  A veces una investigación académica tiene sabor a novela de misterio. Ése es el caso de un estudio reciente sobre la industria maquiladora en México y la estrategia global de las industrias trasnacionales en la rama electrónica. La sólida investigación de Kevin Gallagher y Lyuba Zarsky, investigadores de la Universidad de Boston y del Instituto Monterrey, respectivamente, explica por qué ha fracasado el modelo para transitar de las maquiladoras ensambladoras a un complejo industrial con alto valor agregado nacional en sus exportaciones.
http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2007/11/14/index.php?section=opinion&article=031a1eco

Trabajadores de la maquila protestan ante la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT), Feb 26, 2010
The Telephone Workers’ Union of Mexico, The Coalition for Justice in the Maquiladoras (CJM,) the Democratic Lawyers Association (ANAD), and the labor organizations, unions, and other allied organizations who are CJM members on February 22nd presented a complaint to the Freedom of Association Committee of the International Labor Organization (ILO) meeting in Mexico City. (Please see the link OIT ). The complaint focuses on violations of Mexican maquiladora workers’ right to freedom of association and collective bargaining. CJM, maquiladora workers, and CJM member organizations compiled the evidence in the complaint from cases in the maquiladora industry located on the northern border of Mexico. The cases date from 1994, the year the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect.
http://sdmaquila.blogspot.com/2010/03/trabajadoresas-de-la-maquila-protestan.html


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